Classic Motorcycle Build

Harley 45 Engine Assembly

After the bottom end was completed and the oil scavenger pump in place, the idler and cam gears were next to be installed on the Harley 45 engine. The four valves, crankcase breather, timer, oil pump and generator all depend on proper cam timing to work correctly.

Harley 45 flathead engine assembly

Harley 45 Cams

The "G" cams for Servi-cars (models G and GE) are marked 1G, 2G, 3G and 4G. The early 2G cam, part# 25502-37, was used through 1958. The late 2G cam, part# 25502-59, was used 1959 through 1973. Engine specs note that the later 2G cam has a .575" bearing surface at the cover end.

Harley-Davidson 45 flathead gear cover

Harley 45 Cam Cover

Please note that the cam cover changed with the #2 (rear intake) cam. There is an early (up to 1958) style cover and a late (1959 and up) style cover for the Harley 45. You can use the early #2 cam with an early cam cover with any year 45, or you can use the late #2 cam with a late cam cover with any year 45.

Harley 45 Cam Timing

Cam timing is critical to a good running engine. First, set the flywheel mark in the window. The pinion gear will only go on one way. Align all cam timing marks off the pinion gear mark. The cams are aligned to each other by lining up the notches on the outer face.

Install Cam Gears

Starting at the flywheel mark, install the cams in this order: rear exhaust, front intake, rear intake, and front exhaust. The notches on the cams won't line up exactly - that's how they are. After all cams are in place, slowly rotate the engine. Once they all turn together, you can see if they are lined up correctly.

Harley-Davidson 45 flathead repair

Tip: if the motor won't be started for awhile, liberally coat the cams with an assembly lube.

Most Harley 45 engines left the factory with one steel shim washer behind each cam, but some engines that may require two shims. Hopefully you took notice of this during the disassembly process. Remember to install the shims behind the cams.

Harley-Davidson 45 flathead

Temporarily install the cam cover with a gasket. The gasket is part of the end play you'll be checking. The cover should go on with little or no effort. Only if necessary, tap the cover on carefully with a soft mallet.

Once the cam cover is on, install three or four bolts only. Slowly turn the motor over by hand. Check for binding or excessive play. If there is either, stop and find out why. If all is well, remove the cam cover, install the idler gear and generator, and again check for binding.

Harley-Davidson 45 flathead repair

Shim clearance can now be checked. With the tappets not yet installed, slide a feeler gauge down into the open tappet-block hole.

When you're ready to button up the gear case, lay the engine on it's left side, and pour about a 1/4 pint of engine oil all over the cams for lubrication. Install the cam cover with a new gasket using a non-hardening sealant. Install and tighten all cam cover bolts.

Harley 45 Generator

To prevent too much oil from getting on the generator ball bearings, Harley generators have an oil deflector, sometimes called a slinger. Two different kinds of oil slingers are found on the 45 motor; one works with the two-brush generator and the other on the three-brush generator.

On a three-brush generator, the oil deflector requires a spring between it and the bearing to hold it up against the gear. There is a spring-loaded breather on the inside of the Harley 45 cam cover that rides on the end of the gear.

Harley flathead generator gear

The oil deflector used on later two-brush generators has a built-in collar. The gear is drawn onto the shaft with a nut until it pinches the oil deflector tight against the inner race of the ball bearing. This sets the location of the gear and locks the armature in place. The oil deflector on two-brush generators also sets the location of the gear.

Cycle-Electric generator

Three-Brush to Two-Brush Generator

When converting from a three-brush generator, you will need to enlarge the mounting holes on the early cam cover from 1/4" to 5/16". This is easily done with a 5/16" drill bit. You will also need a pair of 5/16" mounting bolts, and the correct generator gear and oil deflector.

If you don't want to drill out your cover, you can install a pair of helicoil inserts into the case threads. This allows you to re-use the smaller 1/4" bolts.

read Harley Generator - Repair or Replace?

Install Oil Feed Pump

After the cam cover and generator are back on, the oil feed pump can be mounted. First install the (new) gasket, then slide the oil feed pump onto the three studs, then hand-tighten the three nuts and washers. While turning the engine over slowly by hand, press lightly on the pump until you feel the drive cogs mesh and drop into place. Tighten the three nuts and washers.

Harley-Davidson 45 flathead oil feed pump

Install Tappet Blocks and Tappets

Harley-Davidson flathead 45 tappets

read Harley 45 Cylinder Assembly

read Harley 45 Flathead History